B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ) https://www.aextj.com/index.php/aextj <p><strong>B R Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ)</strong> is an international Referred and Peer Reviewed Online and print Journal with E-ISSN: 2582-3302 and P-ISSN: 2582-564X published by B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan for the enhancement of research and extension in Agriculture and allied discipline. </p> <p>AEXTJ is a Open Access Online Journal that publishes full-length papers, reviews and short communications exploring and to promote diverse and integrated areas of Agriculture, Horticulture, Agricultural Engineering, Animal husbandry, Veterinary, Home science, food technology, fishery, Social science and Economics. AEXTJ is steered by a distinguished Board of Editors. To maintain a high-quality journal, manuscripts that appear in the AEXTJ Articles section have been subjected to a rigorous review process.</p> <p>Country: India, Yemen, Srilanka, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Sudan and opens to the world.</p> <p><strong>Subject Category: </strong></p> <p>B R Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ) covers topic of all agriculture branches. The main topic includes but not limited to:</p> <p><strong>AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING, ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, VETERINARY, HOME SCIENCE, FOOD TECHNOLOGY, FISHERY, SOCIAL SCIENCE AND ECONOMICS</strong></p> <h3><strong> AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES</strong></h3> <ul> <li>Plant Science</li> <li>Agricultural Economics</li> <li>Basic biology concepts</li> <li>Management of the Environment</li> <li>Agricultural Technology</li> <li>Basic Horticulture</li> <li>Irrigation and water management</li> <li>Soil Science</li> <li>Animal Science</li> <li>Agricultural Chemistry</li> <li>Sustainable Natural Resource Utilization</li> <li>Agricultural Management Practices</li> <li>Natural Resources</li> <li>Food System</li> </ul> <h3>CROP PRODUCTION</h3> <ul> <li>Cereals or Basic Grains: Oats, Wheat, Barley, Rye, Triticale, Corn, Sorghum, Millet, Quinoa and Amaranth</li> <li>Pulse Crops: Peas (all types), field beans, faba beans, lentils, soybeans, peanuts and chickpeas.</li> <li>Vegetable crops or Olericulture: Crops utilized fresh or whole</li> <li>Tree Nut crops: Hazlenuts. walnuts, almonds, cashews, pecans</li> <li>Sugar crops: sugarcane. sugar beets, sorghum</li> <li>Oilseeds: Canola, Rapeseed, Flax, Sunflowers, Corn and Hempseed</li> <li>Hay and Silage (Forage crop) Production</li> <li>Tree Fruit crops: apples, oranges, stone fruit</li> <li>Berry crops: strawberries, blueberries, raspberries</li> <li>Potatoes varieties and production.</li> </ul> <h3>LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION</h3> <ul> <li>Animal husbandry</li> <li>Bovine</li> <li>Camel</li> <li>Pigs</li> <li>Goat</li> <li>Bees</li> <li>Exotic Species</li> <li>Ranch</li> <li>Equine</li> <li>Yak</li> <li>Sheep</li> <li>Poultry</li> <li>Dogs</li> <li>Chicken Growth</li> </ul> <h3>AQUACULTURE</h3> <ul> <li>Fish Farm</li> <li>Freshwater Prawn Farm</li> <li>Shrimp Farm</li> </ul> <p><strong>CROP PRODUCTION:</strong> <strong>GRAINS; LEGUMES; FRUITS; VEGETABLES; FLOWERS; COTTON</strong></p> <ul> <li>Crop protection</li> <li>Crop breeding and genetics</li> <li>Crop nutrition, irrigation</li> <li>Crop physiology</li> <li>Pests and diseases, weeds, invasive species</li> <li>Precision agriculture</li> <li>Sustainable agriculture</li> <li>Conservation agriculture</li> <li>Organic agriculture</li> <li>Ecological agriculture</li> </ul> <p><strong>ANIMAL PRODUCTION: LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY</strong></p> <ul> <li>Animal breeding</li> <li>Animal nutrition<strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> </strong></li> </ul> <p><strong>SOIL AND WATER</strong></p> <ul> <li>Soil physics</li> <li>Soil chemistry</li> <li>Soil microbiology</li> <li>Soil and water quality</li> <li>Irrigation and water use efficiency</li> </ul> <p><strong>IMPACTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS</strong></p> <ul> <li>Environmental influences on production and products</li> <li>Impact of changing environments</li> </ul> <p><strong>RURAL MANAGEMENT AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT</strong></p> <ul> <li>Trade</li> <li>Livelihoods</li> <li>Rural communities and aid</li> </ul> <p><strong>AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY</strong></p> <ul> <li>Machinery</li> <li>Remote sensing</li> <li>Geographical Information Systems<strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> </strong></li> </ul> <p><strong>AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT HEALTH AND SAFETY</strong></p> <ul> <li>Post-harvest</li> <li>Animal and plant inspection</li> <li>Product freshness</li> </ul> <p> </p> <p><strong><u>JOURNAL PARTICULARS</u></strong></p> <p><strong><u> </u></strong></p> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Title</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><strong>B R Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Frequency</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Quarterly</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>E- ISSN</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>2582-3302</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>P-ISSN</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>2582-564X</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>DOI</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><strong>https://doi.org/10.22377/aextj.v03i01</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Publisher</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><strong>Mr. Rahul Nahata</strong>, B.R. Nahata College of Pharmacy, Mhow-Neemuch Road, Mandsaur-458001, Madhya Pradesh</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Chief Editor</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Dr. M.A. Naidu</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Starting Year</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>2017</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Subject</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Agriculture subjects</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Language</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>English Language</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Publication Format</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Online and Print [Both]</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Email Id</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><a href="mailto:agriculturalextensionjournal@gmail.com">agriculturalextensionjournal@gmail.com</a> ,editor@brnsspublicationhub.org</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Mobile No.</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>+91-7049737901</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Website</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>www.aextj.com</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Address</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan, BRNSS PUBLICATION HUB, B.R. Nahata College of Pharmacy, Mhow-Neemuch Road, Mandsaur-458001, Madhya Pradesh</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p> BRNSS Publication Hub en-US B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ) 2582-564X <p>This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License [CC BY-NC 4.0], which requires that reusers give credit to the creator. It allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, for noncommercial purposes only.</p> Indigenous Knowledge for Sustainable Exploitation of Water Resources in the Desert Areas: Aqueducts (Qanats) Repairing and Reconstruction in the South Khorasan Province, East of Iran https://www.aextj.com/index.php/aextj/article/view/370 <p>The central plateau of Iran is located in the desert belt of the world, making dryness and water scarcity inherent characteristics of the region. Access to sustainable water sources has always been a significant challenge for the area‘s residents. However, ancient Iranians created the aqueduct, a system that respects the environment and is compatible with nature, to address this challenge. This invention gave birth to a brilliant civilization on the central plateau of Iran, which is sometimes referred to as the “Karizi Civilization.” Iran’s aqueducts serve as a model of sustainable development, promoting respect for nature and coexistence with the environment. The aqueducts play an essential role in the social and economic structure of dry areas, such as the central plateau of Iran. The precise engineering system of water distribution and the appropriateness of land and water ownership have prevented social tensions over the use of aqueducts, making them a factor of social unity, solidarity, and great social capital for the residents of those areas. The efficiency of the aqueduct system for more than 3000 years demonstrates the success of the sustainable development model observed in the structure and system of the aqueduct. Throughout history, the residents of the central plateau of Iran have faced water scarcity due to dryness and low rainfall. While the introduction of new technologies for underground water extraction in the second half of the 20th century has been a significant threat to the aqueduct and its system and social structure, it has also destroyed several 1000 years of Iran’s achievements in water and water management. This article investigates the different dimensions of aqueducts as a solution based on the indigenous knowledge of ancestors for sustainable use of water resources in the desert areas of Iran. The authors emphasize the restoration of the aqueducts and their role in the development of rural tourism, sustainable employment and livelihood, and reverse migration. These solutions can be implemented in South Khorasan Province and other areas facing similar water scarcity challenges.</p> Farhood Golmohammadi Copyright (c) 2023 Farhood Golmohammadi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-06-15 2023-06-15 7 02 Farmers Adaptive Capacities to Poverty-Related Diseases in Riverine Communities in Kogi State, Nigeria https://www.aextj.com/index.php/aextj/article/view/371 <p>Many of the diseases contributing to the disease burden in low-income countries are tightly linked to the debilitating conditions of poverty. At the global level, there are three primary poverty-related diseases (PRDs): acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, malaria, and tuberculosis. This study determining the farmers adaptive capacities to PRDs in Riverine communities in Kogi State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected from respondents; a multistage sampling technique was used to select respondents in Kogi State. Descriptive statistics and multivariate probit regression method were used to achieve objectives in the study areas. The findings reveal that the use of mosquito nets was common adaptation measure to reduce PRDs. It also shows that off-farm business and gender were positive and statistically significant at 5% and 10% level affects malaria, respectively. It was concluded that education, farming experience, off-farm income, access to credit, and sanitation of environment were the determinants of the adaptative capacities to PRDs by respondent in the study area. The study recommends that to reduce the effect of PRDs, there is need for policy makers to engage communities when taking decisions relating to their health.</p> S. Ekemhonye Copyright (c) 2023 S. Ekemhonye https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-06-15 2023-06-15 7 02 10.22377/aextj.v7i02.371 Prerequisites for Solving the Problems of Water Supply for Agriculture in the Mountain and Foothill Regions of Azerbaijan https://www.aextj.com/index.php/aextj/article/view/372 <p>The territory of the Azerbaijan Republic consists of 60% mountain and 40% flat flap, and 85% from produced agricultural product in the republic basically get with irrigated lands located on the flat area. The republic is characterized as a few land country, where per capita happens to not more than 0.2 ha plowed fields. The problems of the water deficit exist in the republic. At present, the republic disposes before 32.3 mlrd. m3 water resource per annum. However, at arid years, she falls before 23.16 mlrd. m3 that does not satisfy the need irrigated by flap. All this is obviously from Table 1. [1,3,4] Necessary to note that in relationship with difficulty physics-geographical conditions and anthropogenic influence, 43.28% of lands are subject to in one or another degree erosion process. Existing 1400 thou. ha irrigated areas basically cover the foothill and flat lands of Kaspiy and Kura-Araks lowlands.[</p> Rae Z. H. Aliev Copyright (c) 2023 Rae Z. H. Aliev https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2023-06-15 2023-06-15 7 02 10.22377/aextj.v7i02.372