B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ) 2024-04-24T09:14:18+00:00 Dr. M A Naidu Open Journal Systems <p><strong>B R Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ)</strong> is an international Referred and Peer Reviewed Online and print Journal with E-ISSN: 2582-3302 and P-ISSN: 2582-564X published by B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan for the enhancement of research and extension in Agriculture and allied discipline. </p> <p>AEXTJ is a Open Access Online Journal that publishes full-length papers, reviews and short communications exploring and to promote diverse and integrated areas of Agriculture, Horticulture, Agricultural Engineering, Animal husbandry, Veterinary, Home science, food technology, fishery, Social science and Economics. AEXTJ is steered by a distinguished Board of Editors. To maintain a high-quality journal, manuscripts that appear in the AEXTJ Articles section have been subjected to a rigorous review process.</p> <p>Country: India, Yemen, Srilanka, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Sudan and opens to the world.</p> <p><strong>Subject Category: </strong></p> <p>B R Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ) covers topic of all agriculture branches. The main topic includes but not limited to:</p> <p><strong>AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING, ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, VETERINARY, HOME SCIENCE, FOOD TECHNOLOGY, FISHERY, SOCIAL SCIENCE AND ECONOMICS</strong></p> <h3><strong> AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES</strong></h3> <ul> <li>Plant Science</li> <li>Agricultural Economics</li> <li>Basic biology concepts</li> <li>Management of the Environment</li> <li>Agricultural Technology</li> <li>Basic Horticulture</li> <li>Irrigation and water management</li> <li>Soil Science</li> <li>Animal Science</li> <li>Agricultural Chemistry</li> <li>Sustainable Natural Resource Utilization</li> <li>Agricultural Management Practices</li> <li>Natural Resources</li> <li>Food System</li> </ul> <h3>CROP PRODUCTION</h3> <ul> <li>Cereals or Basic Grains: Oats, Wheat, Barley, Rye, Triticale, Corn, Sorghum, Millet, Quinoa and Amaranth</li> <li>Pulse Crops: Peas (all types), field beans, faba beans, lentils, soybeans, peanuts and chickpeas.</li> <li>Vegetable crops or Olericulture: Crops utilized fresh or whole</li> <li>Tree Nut crops: Hazlenuts. walnuts, almonds, cashews, pecans</li> <li>Sugar crops: sugarcane. sugar beets, sorghum</li> <li>Oilseeds: Canola, Rapeseed, Flax, Sunflowers, Corn and Hempseed</li> <li>Hay and Silage (Forage crop) Production</li> <li>Tree Fruit crops: apples, oranges, stone fruit</li> <li>Berry crops: strawberries, blueberries, raspberries</li> <li>Potatoes varieties and production.</li> </ul> <h3>LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION</h3> <ul> <li>Animal husbandry</li> <li>Bovine</li> <li>Camel</li> <li>Pigs</li> <li>Goat</li> <li>Bees</li> <li>Exotic Species</li> <li>Ranch</li> <li>Equine</li> <li>Yak</li> <li>Sheep</li> <li>Poultry</li> <li>Dogs</li> <li>Chicken Growth</li> </ul> <h3>AQUACULTURE</h3> <ul> <li>Fish Farm</li> <li>Freshwater Prawn Farm</li> <li>Shrimp Farm</li> </ul> <p><strong>CROP PRODUCTION:</strong> <strong>GRAINS; LEGUMES; FRUITS; VEGETABLES; FLOWERS; COTTON</strong></p> <ul> <li>Crop protection</li> <li>Crop breeding and genetics</li> <li>Crop nutrition, irrigation</li> <li>Crop physiology</li> <li>Pests and diseases, weeds, invasive species</li> <li>Precision agriculture</li> <li>Sustainable agriculture</li> <li>Conservation agriculture</li> <li>Organic agriculture</li> <li>Ecological agriculture</li> </ul> <p><strong>ANIMAL PRODUCTION: LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY</strong></p> <ul> <li>Animal breeding</li> <li>Animal nutrition<strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> </strong></li> </ul> <p><strong>SOIL AND WATER</strong></p> <ul> <li>Soil physics</li> <li>Soil chemistry</li> <li>Soil microbiology</li> <li>Soil and water quality</li> <li>Irrigation and water use efficiency</li> </ul> <p><strong>IMPACTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS</strong></p> <ul> <li>Environmental influences on production and products</li> <li>Impact of changing environments</li> </ul> <p><strong>RURAL MANAGEMENT AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT</strong></p> <ul> <li>Trade</li> <li>Livelihoods</li> <li>Rural communities and aid</li> </ul> <p><strong>AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY</strong></p> <ul> <li>Machinery</li> <li>Remote sensing</li> <li>Geographical Information Systems<strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> </strong></li> </ul> <p><strong>AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT HEALTH AND SAFETY</strong></p> <ul> <li>Post-harvest</li> <li>Animal and plant inspection</li> <li>Product freshness</li> </ul> <p> </p> <p><strong><u>JOURNAL PARTICULARS</u></strong></p> <p><strong><u> </u></strong></p> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Title</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><strong>B R Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Frequency</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Quarterly</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>E- ISSN</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>2582-3302</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>P-ISSN</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>2582-564X</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>DOI</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><strong></strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Publisher</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><strong>Mr. Rahul Nahata</strong>, B.R. Nahata College of Pharmacy, Mhow-Neemuch Road, Mandsaur-458001, Madhya Pradesh</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Chief Editor</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Dr. M.A. Naidu</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Starting Year</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>2017</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Subject</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Agriculture subjects</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Language</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>English Language</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Publication Format</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Online and Print [Both]</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Email Id</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><a href=""></a> ,</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Mobile No.</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>+91-7049737901</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Website</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Address</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan, BRNSS PUBLICATION HUB, B.R. Nahata College of Pharmacy, Mhow-Neemuch Road, Mandsaur-458001, Madhya Pradesh</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p> Agriculture-Nutritious Foods: Impact of Climate Change (Temperature and Precipitation) 2024-04-24T08:57:45+00:00 Sazzala Jeevananda Reddy <p>Climate change is not global warming; it is only one component of climate change as defined by WMO/IPCC/UNFCCC. The two main climatic parameters that play vital role in agriculture production are temperature and precipitation. Temperature presents high seasonal and annual variations, which form irregular variations part under natural variability of climate change. Since, around the past two decades groups are polluting agriculture research under the disguise of global warming which is insignificant when compared to seasonal and annual variations. Agriculture is adopted to such vagaries. Countries like USA and Australia moving past to renewable energy but country like India, second most populous after China contributing to around 50% of thermal power production similar to USA; and USA and India contributing to around 25% of the nuclear and hydropower, respectively. The modern agriculture system from 1960, new seeds are tailored to chemical inputs and now genetically modified (GM) seeds entered India. In such scenarios, reports say that, the two major crops, namely, rice and wheat that are distributed under Public Distribution System (PDS). Reports also say that the strength and nutrition quality are reduced by 45% by now and will be reducing to 100% by 2040. According to FAO around 30% of what is produced is going as waste; but it is more than 40% for India excluding illegal exports; PDS rice entering black market. Another important factor is crops/vegetables/animals grow under polluted water: Needed experiences, best practices, and scalable solutions for the integration of biodiversity into agriculture. There are three systems according to technology. They are: Traditional Agriculture Technology-Traditional seeds under traditional organic inputs including Animal Husbandry in Agriculture system; Green Revolution Technology-Modern Seeds are tailored to chemical inputs under irrigation excluding animal husbandry in Agriculture System; GM Technology--Genetically modified seeds tailored to chemical inputs and irrigation excluding animal husbandry in Agriculture System; Moisture is the limiting factor for crop growth and production in tropical warm regions wherein most of the developing countries are located. Moisture availability varies with space and time in association with the natural variability in rainfall and snowfall that forms the principal component of the climate change. Droughts and floods are part of it. That is moisture availability varies with country to country, region to region within the country, and station to station within a region. This plays an important role in production during these two periods and are discussed. In addition, two issues related agri-foods and nutrients are discussed.</p> 2024-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Sazzala Jeevananda Reddy Effect of different Grass Species on Soil Loss, and Runoff at Assosa, Benishangul Gumuz, Ethiopia 2024-04-24T09:01:47+00:00 Obsa Adugna <p>Land degradation is a severe environmental problem across sub-Saharan Africa, and Ethiopia is among the most affected countries. This study aimed to know the potential of different grasses for soil and water conservation. Three different grasses were used to evaluate their potential for conserving the soil and water on the farmland, with three replications each for 2 consecutive years. Vetiver, Desho, and elephant grass had deposited 10 and 7 ton/he of soil relative to a plot without any grass control. Furthermore, they had increased the soil water by 22.6% as compared to a plot without any grass. Thus, the study revealed the best potential of Vetiver, and Desho grass to conserve both the soil and water. Therefore, the study revealed the best and most promising potential for treating degraded land with biological measures.</p> 2024-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Obsa Adugna Synthesis of Activated Carbon from Adonidia merrillii Seeds 2024-04-24T09:06:31+00:00 Ololade Moses Olatunji <p>This research paper presents a novel approach to the production of activated carbon (AC) utilizing Adonidia merrillii seeds, a readily available biomass resource. The study outlines the step-by-step process of activation, including preparation, activation, and characterization of the resulting AC. The ACs were prepared by carbonization method which was then followed by activation of carbonized A. merrillii seeds. ZnCl2 was used as the activating agent at an impregnation ratio of 1:10 wt/vol. Physicochemical properties, such as surface area, pore size distribution, and adsorption capacity, were extensively analyzed. From the XRF analysis, the elemental composition of merit of the AC is potassium chloride known as sylvite, 0.435; calcium oxide also known as lime, 2.850; chloroapatite, 2.850; silicon dioxide, also known as quartz, 1.669; and y-anhydrite, 1.405. The X-ray diffraction analysis conducted on the AC showed that sylvite had the highest percentage of 25%, Lime, 22.5%, chloroapatite, 17.3%, quartz, 19.3%, and anhydrite with the least percentage of 15.6%. The results demonstrate the potential of A. merrillii seeds as a sustainable precursor for producing AC with desirable properties for various applications.</p> 2024-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ololade Moses Olatunji Impact of Training in Mushroom Production Technology on Knowledge and Adoption among Women in Hilly Regions: Insights from the Farmer First Project in Uttarakhand 2024-04-24T09:09:32+00:00 Arpita Sharma Kandpal <p>The present study aims to assess the impact of the training program on the change in knowledge and adoption level of mushroom cultivators of mid hills of Uttarakhand. ICAR-funded Farmer FIRST program operated by GBPUA&amp;T, Pantnagar, is supporting mushroom cultivation and processing as an enterprise to double the farmers’ income through enhancing their livelihood opportunities. Dogra and Suryatala villages of Nainital district were selected under the Farmer FIRST program to be promoted as “Mushroom Village.” The present study was conducted to see the impact of its training program on mushroom production technology for hill women. It was found that the majority of beneficiaries had a higher level of knowledge compared to non-beneficiaries across various aspects of mushroom cultivation. Regarding the adoption of mushroom production technology, beneficiaries exhibited a higher rate of adoption across various practices compared to non-beneficiaries.</p> 2024-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Arpita Sharma Kandpal